In his article about Tomasz Turowski published in “Do Rzeczy,” Cezary Gmyz concluded that: “it would be irony of history if this communist spy managed to avoid liability for his lustration lie.” It is now known that Turowski indeed managed to avoid liability for lying. The history turned out to be ironic. The Supreme Court’s decision cleared Turowski of all charges. This is the end of Turowski’s case, and within the next weeks or months, he will safely sail into oblivion.
And yet, the Turowski case remains, and there are unanswered questions as to what was the role of those people who positively verified Turowski and who facilitated and supported his diplomatic career back in the 1990-ties, and what are their liabilities for such actions. How did that happen? Who did Turowski serve? Most of all, what value could this spy have to the independent Poland?
Poland was not a sovereign state during Turowski’s peak activity in Vatican and France. Therefore, logically, there were some other sovereign states that benefited from Turowski’s activity before 1990. In a 2010 interview for acana.pl, Sławomir Cenckiewicz talked about illegal spies. “They operated in the West for years, integrating into western life and cultures and using false IDs. Ofen they operated in the most adverse circumstances due to the counterintelligence activities of those countries. Their specific personalities and psychological traits, as well as their location, made them particularly useful to the Soviet Union, including KGB (Committee for State Security of the Soviet Union) and GRU (Main Intelligence Directorate).”
Therefore, it is almost certain that Russians were well informed of Tomasz Turowski and his activities, especially considering that in the last months of the existence of PRL (communist Poland), the Soviet Union managed to secure copies of all Polish WSW (Internal Military Service) files.
It would also be right to presume that, during the 1990s verification and lustration process, Turowski’s past should have become known to all individuals who had influence over his further career. It is even possible that Turowski’s spying past is known to our current allies.
Intelligence services have no magical powers. They have specific methods they follow, and generally they want maximum result with as little damage as possible. The purpose of their existence is to serve and benefit their countries.
In what way, then, did the independent Poland benefit from Tomasz Turowski’s activity? He certainly knew his collaborators in the countries he operated in. He could have known a number of Soviet spies. His passport proves that he visited the Soviet Union a number of times before 1990. It would be naïve to think that he simply went there as a tourist.
It is not known whether he was trained by the KGB. His name does not appear among the identified ones, but then, not all names were identified. That, and the possibility of his collaboration while staying in the West, begs for a question, whether anybody, who ever worked for KGB, could have terminated such working arrangements? I am not trying to speculate here, this is a valid question resulting from a limited knowledge about facts. Since everything about Tomasz Turowski is confidential. Is it because of the nature of his work, or is it because of people, who supported his diplomatic career after 1990?
Why and for what was communist spy Tomasz Turowski needed in the independent Poland? Were there two roles for him to play? Considering that he was known to the post-Soviet intelligence, it would be extremely naïve to think that he could have played such a role in a western state without their knowledge and permission. And if the FSB (Federal Security Service) and GRU knew, then they must have controlled it. Before he left Moscow, Turowski held an important position at the Polish Embassy as a Chief of Political Department. His duties included dealing with representatives of the Russian Federation’s government, local diplomats, Russian professionals and influence groups. Cezary Gmyz quoted an intelligence officer, who said that “only a complete idiot could have entrusted him with any intelligence tasks in Russia, where he was publicly unmasked as a Polish spy in 1998.” However, evidence indicates that he had been unmasked much earlier than 1998 and some “complete idiot” should have known about it. Who is the complete idiot mentioned by that officer?
There is one more question, and by no means the last one. Who convinced Władysław Bartoszewski to support Turowski’s candidacy for an ambassador in Vatican? This is not even ironic any more, but simply ridiculous. Who failed to inform Bartoszewski about Turowski’s past and his role in Vatican? These are valid questions to specific individuals.
These important questions are directed not only to Donald Tusk administration. Tomasz Turowski’s career as a diplomat continued to thrive after 1990. On his path, he encountered several governments, several diplomatic chiefs, prime ministers and presidents. Nobody is blameless. That might be why Turowski’s case is kept obscured, despite its importance. Could there be many forces that have the interest to burry this case? No point mentioning that Poland is a law-abiding country, so let me ask; will Tomasz Turowski’s case fade away as if it never happened, or will we get an answer to at least some of the questions? As a sovereign state, we have the right and obligation to demand answers to this question.